What causes Pain in Belly Button?

A sharp pain in the belly button can be a possible indication of an umbilical hernia.

But before you jump to conclusions and self-diagnose yourself with an ailment that you might not be even suffering from, we recommend that you got through this article first.

There could be more than one reason for pain in the belly button and this article discusses all of those factors. It will definitely help the readers understand their symptoms in a better way instead of making their lives miserable, unnecessarily worrying for something serious.

Let us first begin with the anatomy of a belly button.

Belly Button Anatomy

The scientific name for what we commonly call the belly button is navel or umbilicus. It is a slightly raised or a hollow part in the middle of the belly, just above the abdomen. And this is the site where umbilical cord is attached to before birth.

Why belly button has an importance in our general well being is because when baby is not born, this is the only connection between the mother and the baby through an umbilical cord. It helps the mother’s body to deliver oxygen, nutrients and blood to the foetus growing inside the womb, for proper nourishment.

It is also through this belly button that the waste materials are passed from the baby to the mother’s system so that they can be finally flushed out.

But after birth, there seem to have very little use of this hollow spot on our bodies. However, recent studies have revealed that just like belly button aids humans before birth, it can still be of help for our health. Belly button is considered one of the most efficient passages for delivering nutrients to your system, even after birth.

For instance applying certain types of oils in your belly button can help in relieving various conditions like constipation, bloating, dry skin, parched lips etc.

Perhaps the way umbilical cord carried nutrients to our system before we were born; the belly button has the ability to provide similar advantages.

But sometimes, this not-so-useful part of our body can cause some serious problems for our health. The first indication that something has gone wrong at that site is a sensation of pain in the belly button. This is why we are going to talk about various causes that could contribute to pain in the navel.

  1. Cystitis

Cystitis is a type of Urinary Tract Infection that has the capability to affect other parts of the body as well, if the condition worsens. This spreads to the abdominal area of the body and it can lead to sharp pain in the navel.


  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Pain while urinating
  • Dark urine with foul smell
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Pain in the belly button
  • Slight fever or chills

Taking anti-biotics for a given time period can help individuals get rid of this nasty infection. In the meanwhile, doctors may also prescribe you with painkillers to get rid of those agonizing bouts of pain in the belly button.

  1. Constipation

Sometimes constipation can also cause pain in the belly button, due to constant pressure on the intestines. The pain may be mild but with time it can get sharp and severe.


  • Difficulty passing stool
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Fewer bowel movement

Eating fibre rich foods and natural laxatives like flaxseeds and sunflower seeds can significantly help you to overcome constipation. However, you must also seek expert advice in order to eliminate the root cause of constipation.

  1. Stomach Flu

One of the most common causes of belly pain is the stomach flu, also known as gastroenteritis. This badly affects our digestive system and causes nausea and abdominal cramps. Some people may even experience a sharp pain in the belly button when suffering from stomach flu.


  • Diarrhoea
  • Indigestion
  • Abdominal Cramps
  • Nausea

The virus that causes stomach flu resolves on its own. The doctor would advise you to take a lot of rest and consume lots of fluids and easy to digest foods.

  1. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

This condition only affects females. It can also cause pain in the belly button as well as the entire abdominal area. Following are the symptoms of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease


  • Heavy Vaginal Discharge
  • Foul smelling discharge
  • Spotting or bleeding
  • Fever and chills

In case you are experiencing these symptoms please consult a doctor, as this disease can only be controlled with the help of specific medications. For the time being you can also bring into use natural remedies to soothe your abdominal cramps and relieve pain in belly button.

  1. Kidney Stones

Sometimes the sharp pain that may inflict a person could be an indication of kidney stones. Kidney stones can be formed due to various reasons and they may cause severe pain once they start moving in the urinary tract. It is a serious condition and earliest possible treatment is advised to get rid of kidney stones.


  • Sudden onset of pain in low back
  • Pain in the sides under the ribs
  • Pain in the groin
  • Sharp pain in the abdomen and belly, also affecting belly button

The pain caused by kidney stones is not relieved by changing positions and it does not pause at all. It is a severe and continuous pain that ultimately causes nausea or vomiting.

Kidney stones can be easily removed at the medical facility through radiation treatment, under the supervision of nephrologists.

  1. Pregnancy

Pregnant women also sometimes experience pain in the belly button. It is considered normal and it resolves on its own.

However, if the pain prolongs and increases in severity then medical help is needed. There aren’t any specific symptoms of this condition and every pregnant woman experiences different kinds of abdominal or belly button pains during her pregnancy.

  1. Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s disease can also cause one to experience pain in the belly button. It is a disorder of the intestines which can cause diarrhoea, loss of appetite as well as fever.


  • Abdominal cramps
  • Intermittent pain in the belly
  • Sore belly, sensitive to touch

Doctor’s advice is recommended if you are suffering from Crohn’s disease. Treat varies depending on individual cases.

  1. Pancreatitis

The pancreas is a large gland located behind the stomach and next to the small intestine. It can be one of the major sources of abdominal trouble. There are two kinds of pancreatitis — acute and chronic.


  • Pain in your upper abdomen that radiates to your back. Eating may make it worse, especially eating fatty foods.
  • A swollen and tender abdomen
  • Increased heart rate
  • Fever
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sudden weight loss

See a doctor immediately if you’re having symptoms of pancreatitis as this can be a medical emergency and needs urgent attention.

  1. Gallstones

Many people who have gallstones are unaware of them until their doctor tells them or until they start experiencing symptoms.


  • Pain in upper belly or back that can last for several hours
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Other digestive issues like heartburn, bloating, and indigestion.

Only your doctor can diagnose you with gallstones. Many people have surgery to get them out before they cause any more trouble.

  1. Appendicitis

Appendicitis is a serious condition; it is an emergency that requires surgery. Appendicitis is often signaled with sharp severe pains initially in the belly button area.


  • A dull pain near the navel or upper abdomen that becomes more sharp as it moves to the lower right abdomen
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting or nausea when abdominal pain begins
  • Swelling in the abdomen
  • Fever between 99 and 102 F
  • Inability to pass gas

If you have any of these symptoms, such as fever along with sharp pain in the navel and nausea or vomiting, you need to go see your doctor right away or go to an emergency room.

  1. Umbilical Hernia

The abdominal organs, like the stomach, bladder, intestines, and bowels, have weak pointsA hernia is when part of an organ is displaced and protrudes through the muscle or tissue wall of the cavity containing it, producing a bulge. The abdomen is one of the most common regions where hernias occur, mainly because of the sheer number of organs located here.

Among the types of hernia that may involve belly button pain are hernias of the bladder, stomach, intestines, and umbilicus.


  • An obvious swelling in the abdomen or groin that may be tender or go away when you lie down
  • Heavy feeling in abdomen — you might also see blood in your stool or be constipated
  • Discomfort in abdomen or groin when bending over or lifting things

You should see your doctor if you think you have a hernia, so they can advise you proper care as well as the right medication to overcome this condition.

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