You might have heard someone complaining for a sheer kidney pain which later diagnosed with “stone”. You might have experienced mothers yelling at their kids to keep their bodies hydrated in scorching summer heat to prevent kidney infections. Have you ever wondered what are kidney stones and how are they formed? A stone is a hard mass which you see around you, it is surprising to have a hard mass inside a delicate organ like kidney.
The kidney stones are solid stones which are made of materials extracted from the blood. Yes that’s right, all that waste material is collected from your own blood. It means they are formed in a condition when blood has so much extra stuff in it. That makes sense. These stones are yellowish in color and may vary in size.
Like small masses, kidney stone can travel from one side to other side of one kidney. Chances are that they may block the passage of kidney or reach to bladder. In any case, they are alien for the body, creating a harmful condition. They are characterized by mild to sharp pain, nausea, shivering or chilling in a person.
How Common Are Kidney Stones?
If you wonder, it’s only a rare condition, you might be wrong. This is a fairly common phenomena which is even more high in United States. 8.8% of the total population has Kidney stones as a report of European Urology Journal suggests. It can affect children, adults, all genders. Generally, men are more likely to have them as compared to females, due to various physical, lifestyle and bodily differences.
Why Are Kidney Stones Formed?
Kidneys are a part of urinary system which excrete out the extra and waste material. Every human has two kidneys, located below the rib cage, one on each side of your spine at back. The kidney performs the function of filtering the blood so that all toxic materials are excreted. When the toxic material is combined to form stones, it suggests that kidneys aren’t working well. The kidney also helps to regulate electrolyte balance, blood pressure, RBC count, fluid and water level of the body.
How Are Kidney Stones Developed?
The process of creating kidney stones is called nephrolithiasis. This is not the name given to this process but the condition, in which body performs this specific function. It tells that kidney is not working well. The body is having irregularity due to diet, lifestyle changes, habits, UTI infections, family history and medical conditions that affect on it.
The kidney stones are of four types, based on their material.
- Calcium stones: Calcium oxalate and Calcium Phosphate (Most common)
- Uric acid stones: Acidic urine (common)
- Struvite Stones: Infection stones (Not very common)
- Cystine Stones: Genetic Reasons ( Rare)
Can Kidney Stones Be Cured?
Fortunately, yes they can be cured. This majorly depends on what type of stones you are having and how long it has been there. If it is at an early stage, it can be treated with medicine. If by chance it hits an opening i.e. ureter, it may become problematic and needs an instant removal. Small kidney stones are passed on and removed through urine on their own. Most of the kidney stones like uric acid stones are treated with medicines alone. Some stones at early stages can be helped with lithotripsy, a technique involving radiations to break the stones. This broken material leaves the body with urine. The last and final solution is surgical removal which is painful yet effective.
If you maintain a healthy life status and take proper care of your body, the chances of having an irregular kidney function is rare. Also, if you experience a sharp shooting pain at kidney, never neglect it and consult a physician immediately.