Syzygium Aromaticum

Syzygium Aromaticum is a scientific name to the herbal spice named as clove. Clove which comes out of a short height tree and emerges as a bud with four petals. It was recognized as something useful to mankind in earliest of times. This special herb stands out in other spices because of its innumerable welfares in medicine, kitchen, and dentistry as well as in fragrances.

Background of Syzygium Aromaticum:

Looking at its history, it’s been recorded to be first known by Chinese. They started to make use of it in different aspects and realized its abundance qualities. Later it got familiar with the rest of the world because of its remarkable properties.

The appearance of Syzygium Aromaticum:

The clove is black in color and is small in size giving an aroma which instantly freshens you up. This is the reason it was primarily used as mouth fresheners. The tree which produces this amazing clove is small tree bearing large leaves and small pink flowers in clustered formation. The small ball in the center of clove is the unopened bud and has four petals. They are harvested when they reach particular length and then laid to let them dry out.

Chemical compounds of Syzygium Aromaticum:

Cloves contain a great source of essential chemical compounds. Few of them are flavonoids, benzoic acid, phenyl propens, cinamic acids whereas eugenol is present in high concentration.

Phenolic acid found in abundance comes as caffeic, ferulic, elagic and salicylic acids. On the hand, the flavonoids come as kaempferol and quercetin.

Another major compound of Syzygium Aromaticum is the clove essential oil having concentrations of limonene and farnesol.

Use of cloves in Medicines:

Syzygium Aromaticum comprises of wide range of medicinal properties which has been used for centuries in either grounded form or as a whole.

  1. Antioxidant Properties:

Under extensive studies and researches, clove has been found as one of the richest sources of antioxidants. It is famous for stress relief and also improves memory deficits caused by oxidative stress.

  1. Improves digestive health:

Cloves exhibits elements that soothe the inner lining of the stomach which gets irritated by its acidity. Overall it enhances the digestive process and eliminates stomach problems.

  1. Antimicrobial properties:

Because of cloves amazing antimicrobial activities, it has become one of the high demand by pharmaceuticals companies. It combats many bacteria and fungus and helps in keeping you fit and healthy.

  1. Soothes a cough:

As cloves inhibit soothing properties, it relaxes esophagus to produce more phlegm and calm the inner irritation causing the cough.

  1. Activates Calcium and chloride channels:

It has been reported by the researches that cloves can actually activate calcium and chloride channels in the body improving bone and teethes structures. We have often heard that people from the past used to keep clove in teeth for pain relief and now medical studies have proved it as one of the major benefits of Syzygium Aromaticum. Also, it gives relief from joint pains.

  1. Lessens effects of sunburn:

When directly applied to the skin, cloves produces a relaxing impact and shows healing properties towards new skin cell formation.

  1. Antiviral properties:

Syzygium Aromaticum has been approved by the scientist as an antiviral herb and its extracts are used for this purpose in antivirus medications.

  1. Relieves Bloating:

Use of cloves makes you get rid of gas and bloating and other conditions which make stomach upset.

  1. Hiccup reliever:

If you have frequent hiccups, clove usage can give you quick relief.

  1. Reliefs nausea:

It is also recorded to be helpful in vomiting, early morning sickness, and diarrhea as well.

  1. Reduces fever:

In conditions of high fever, cloves contribute to normalizing the body temperature.

  1. Mosquito repellant:

Cloves can repels mosquitoes and ants and is used in making of such repellants.

  1. Clears sinuses:

Few compounds have shown its properties beneficiary towards clearing and opening sinuses passageways.

  1. Anti-inflammatory properties:

Anti-inflammation is one of clove’s potential medicinal property.

Uses in culinary:

Cloves are being used traditionally in different cuisines of Asia, Africa, and other Middle Eastern countries. It is considered one of the hot spice and is used in both grounded and full form. They are used in marinades or in meats to lend flavors. Also, they are combined with other hot spices and are used in making curries or in rice.

Because of its beautiful aromatic flavors, they are used in different beverages both hot and cold. Also, chefs around the world blend their combinations with diverse fruits to bring out the best taste.

Use in perfumery:

For its unique aroma that brings freshness, it has been used by perfumery industries for many years now.

Use in agriculture:

Studies have shown its insecticidal properties and thus it is also used in agriculture as an insecticide agent to control termites. They help in the protection of crops.

Use in food preservation:

For centuries it has been used in preserving different types of foods. It inhibits components that increase shelf life of food products.


Syzygium Aromaticum which is commonly known as clove has a vast spectrum in terms of its usage. Along with these benefits, there are few precautions as well in consuming this herb. Because of their strong impacts in the body, it shouldn’t be taken by children under 12 years of age. Secondly, the oil extracted from clove is always in high concentration and therefore should be applied in less quantity as it may show skin reactions like irritation and burning. Its dose should also be monitored as it is also responsible for blood thinning. Also, its usage should be discontinued before any surgery to prevent blood loss.

Because of its diverse properties, it is now one of the major components in medicine, dentistry, agriculture, culinary and perfumery. This hot spice has been used for centuries and people are getting benefitted from it from old times till today.

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