With the advancement in scientific research, such drugs and medicines have been studied and administered now to treat diseases or conditions that did not have any solution before. Migraines and seizure attacks did not have many treatments before, but now an FDA-approved drug is in the market that is the #1 seller in US for preventing migraines, seizures and fits.
The Topamax tablets or Topiramate tablets come in various shapes, sizes and weight, depending on the person’s prescribed need. Their dosage ranges from 25 mg to 200 mg net wt. It is important to note that they can prevent the number of attacks of migraine or seizures but not treat them when you’re having one. So it reduces the frequency of the times you’ve this predicament, but is not in any way a solution for curing migraines or epilepsy. Unlike other products in the market, it is a daily prescription drug and takes time to adjust to your body. So setting your dosage with your doctor is essentially important while administering the drug.
Before we move on to know more about Topamax, we’ll first establish briefly what Migraines and seizures are really.
Migraines and Seizures:
Headaches and fits are tiresome when you get them frequently. Medication can help you get less number of them and ease your overexcited nerves that cause such frequent and throbbing pain.
Migraines are basically recurrent pulsating headaches that can last between 2 to 72 hours. The pain may result in sensitivity to light, sound or smell and nausea, vomiting, etc. The intensity of pain and frequency of migraines varies from person to person.
Seizures are caused by sudden change or disturbance in brain’s electrical activity due to a shift in sodium or glucose levels in blood. Recurrent seizures lead to a diagnosis of epilepsy. Such fits and seizures may cause change in behavior, feelings, movements, etc. which are not in voluntary control.
What is Topamax?
Topamax is an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drug that is mainly used to prevent frequency of migraines and seizure attacks. It is also FDA-approved for weight loss. It is soluble in water and other alkaline solutions, so one can also intake the drug in solution form.
Ingredients of the tablet:
Although research is still being carried on to make this drug more effective, yet the ingredients incorporated are known to work preventing migraine attacks, seizures and fits. These ingredients are also known to help in weight loss, although this factor varies from individual to individual.
Topamax tablets contain the following inactive ingredients: carnauba wax, hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, polysorbate 80, pregelatinized starch, purified water, sodium starch glycolate, synthetic iron oxide, and titanium dioxide.
How does it work?
On intake of the tablet, Topamax calms down the “overexcited” brain nerves that cause epileptic seizures or migraines. This tends to reduce the number of times you get headaches or fits. It blocks voltage-dependent sodium and calcium channels. It also inhibits the excitatory glutamate pathway while enhancing the inhibitory effect of GABA. GABA receptors are basically used to inhibit the overexcited brain neurons and regulate the brain communication between the cells. Moreover, it inhibits carbonic anhydrase activity. This aids in calming brain activity, helping to prevent the further attacks of migraine and fits.
Effects of the product:
Topamax can help the patients of migraine and epilepsy get less frequent attacks. As with such medications, there are also side effects related to Topamax. Many people using it do not experience adverse side effects as their body eventually gets used to the medication. But a small percent may experience kidney stones, declining eye health or vision problems, etc.
Since the tablets require a doctor’s prescription, therefore, your doctor must have assessed that the benefit of the medication is greater than its side effects.
Some of the effects of Topamax are listed below:
Reduces frequency of seizures and migraine attacks; your brain activity is regulated which prevents the risk of frequent attacks of migraines and seizures by the daily intake of this medication.
Calms down brain nerves; by regulating brain activity, Topamax helps in calming down the over-excited neurons and reduces the risks of further frequent attacks.
May help in weight loss; along with other benefits, Topamax may also aid in helping you lose weight, especially the people with eating disorders.
May cause depression or anxiety; the drug may cause depression, anxiety or suicidal thoughts in 1 out of 500 patients, according to a study. But generally, most patients do not experience this.
If you feel any adverse side effects, consult your doctor immediately.
Do not grind the tablets, as they’ve a bitter taste. Irrespective of meals, take 1-2 tablets a day. To prevent from kidney stone formation, drink plenty of liquids while taking this drug dosage unless your doctor tells you otherwise.
One must ensure daily intake though as it is a regular prescription drug that will work best when taken daily. The dosage varies from person to person, according to the epileptic disorder they’ve or the number of migraine attacks that they experience. For this purpose, it is highly advisable to take the drug according to the doc’s prescription. The range of tablets is from 25 mg to 200 mg, depending on a person’s predicament.
- Consult your physician before using, as the required prescription requires medical advice, especially with people having certain medical conditions or allergies.
- The tablets are only for 12 year olds and above.
- Do not exceed the recommended dosage as it can lead to harmful side effects.
- Do not stop taking the tablets abruptly. Gradually decrease your dosage if and when you do so with the proper consultation and advice of your doctor, otherwise the body could react in an unusual way with this abrupt change.
Migraines and seizures are problematic when one has to maintain a daily life routine. The #1 medication in US for migraines and fits has been introduced. Topamax tablets are known to be effective and have been scientifically researched and clinically tested to study the various effects of it. They are FDA-approved. Thus, you can take this medication on the advice of your doctor.
All medications have different effects that vary from individual to individual. What works for someone else may not work for you and vice versa. Topamax is not to be used without a doctor’s prescription due to this. Also, it can help prevent migraines and seizures, but is not in any way a cure when you’re having one. So take these tablets in correct dosage, according to your body type.