What Is Diabetes And Who Is At Risk?


Diabetes is such highly prevailing disease which has affected millions of the people across the globe. By upcoming years more than half of the world’s population would be at risk. Diabetes is a disease which commonly makes sense to us as “increase in blood glucose level”. In other terms, it is called sugar.

The high levels of glucose suggest that the user body isn’t making insulin or making less insulin. Insulin is a hormone which converts glucose to energy, this energy is then used to perform various functions of routine.

when insulin is not working efficiently, the glucose to energy conversion is disturbed too. The high amount of glucose is left in blood arteries all alone which makes them clogged, hindering to the natural blood flow. Once the blood flow is disturbed the body cells are deprived of oxygen and nutrients.

Types Of Diabetes 

The Diabetes is of two types.

  • Type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent)
  • Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent)

Type 1 diabetes: Type 1 diabetes is the less common form of diabetes. It occurs when the pancreas gland of the body completely fails to produce insulin. So the body has to pay for the damage. The body feels excessive thirst and increased urination. It also shows unexplained weight loss, weakness, fatigue and mood swings. The only thing to control is to opt a healthy lifestyle which has good food and regular physical activity along with insulin injections.

Type 2 diabetes: Type two diabetes is the more common and highly prevailing type of diabetes. It occurs 90% of the times when a person is suspected for diabetes. The reason of this type is the same when pancreas gland is working less or not working at all to produce insulin. The difference between type one and type two diabetes is between lifestyle factors and genetic reasoning to play a role.

Type 2 diabetes has one highly influenced risk factor which is obesity. Being overweight increases the chances to get diabetes type 2.

The Risk Factors

Type 1 diabetes is more likely to attack children and teenagers. Type 2 diabetes is more prevalent in adults, over 30 years of age. The recent demographic studies show that the risk factor is increasing and more age groups are to be affected by it in near future. At first, diabetes was considered as an old man’s disease but not even the children and young people are on the hit list too.

The most alarming thing for diabetes type 2 is that it is asymptomatic. You can never really “feel” to get affected.  The symptoms of both types are similar but not completely same. Type 1 diabetes show up as blurry vision, weak eyesight, skin irritation, and allergies. very slow body healing and numbness in feet.

Type 2 diabetes is controllable with the lifestyle modifications and dietary changes. In rare cases, insulin injections are required in type 2 diabetes too.

Diabetes itself is not that big problem. The more frightening factor are the secondary infections to which it can give rise. Some of these factors are as follows.

  • Heart problems: Failure, Stroke, and attack
  • Eye problems: Weak eyesight, blurry vision, blindness
  • Excretory problems: Kidney pain, stones, and failure
  • Nerve diseases and vascular damage
  • Reduced libido
  • Infertility
  • Erectile dysfunction (only in males)

People which have high blood pressure, obesity, family history, cardiac problems, polycystic and ovary syndrome are at a higher risk of getting diabetes.

The Prevention Techniques

Prevention of diabetes is mainly lifestyle changes which have a prime importance in a diabetic person’s life. For best results, follow the below-listed Instructions.

  • Chose whole grain and organic food.
  • Avoid junk food and unhealthy foods.
  • Stop using sugary drinks, take water and fresh juices.
  • Eat good fats, avoid bad fats.
  • Do not eat processed food.
  • Limit the red meat quantity.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Control your alcohol intake.
  • Keep a family history record.
  • Keep a record of your previous sugar levels.
  • Participate in physical activities i.e. aerobics, walk etc.
  • Think positive.



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